What is an ACE?
An ACE is an “Adverse Childhood Experience” also known as childhood trauma. This term originated from the study created at Kaiser by Dr. Vincent Felitti and Robert Anda of the CDC.
ACE's and Toxic Stress
According to the CDC: ACEs and associated conditions, such as living in under-resourced or racially segregated neighborhoods, frequently moving, and experiencing food insecurity, can cause toxic stress (extended or prolonged stress). Toxic stress and ACEs can change brain development and affect such things as attention, decision-making, learning, and response to stress.
What is childhood trauma?
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, childhood trauma is defined as: “The experience of an event by a child that is emotionally painful or distressful, which often results in lasting mental and physical effects.”
What is an Adverse Childhood Experience?
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are potentially traumatic events that occur in childhood.
The 10 Adverse Childhood Experiences which appear on the official ACE Quiz include:
- Physical Abuse
- Emotional Abuse
- Sexual Abuse
- Physical Neglect
- Emotional Neglect
- Parents divorced or separated
- Domestic Violence
- Parent or caregiver addicted to drugs or alcohol
- Parent or caregiver who is depressed or mentally ill
- Household member ever been incarcerated
CPP has also designed an eleven question supplement to the original ACE quiz. These questions cover other aspects of trauma not included in the original ACE quiz.