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  • More than 60% of youth age 17 and younger

    have been exposed to crime, violence and abuse either directly or indirectly.

  • 60% of Adults

    report experiencing abuse or other difficult family circumstances during childhood.

  • Nearly 50% of children

    and adolescents were assaulted at least once in the past year.

  • 26% of children age 4 and under

    in the United States will witness or experience a traumatic event.

  • 39% of children

    between the ages of 12 and 17 reported witnessing violence, 17% reported being a victim of physical assault and 8% reported being the victim of sexual assault.

  • 30% among 536 elementary and middle school children

    surveyed witnessed a stabbing in an inner city community, and 26% had witnessed a shooting.

  • 25% of youth age 17 and younger

    were victims of robbery or witnessed a violent act.

  • Nearly 14% of children

    repeatedly experienced maltreatment by a caregiver, including nearly 4% who experienced physical abuse.

  • 11% of Girls aged 14 to 17 and 2% of all children

    experienced sexual assault or sexual abuse during the past year,

  • More than 10%

    of youth age 17 and younger reported five or more exposures to violence.

  • About 10% of children

    suffered from child maltreatment, were injured in an assault, or witnessed a family member assault another family member.

  • 4 of every 10 children

    in American say they experienced a physical assault during the past year, with one in 10 receiving an assault-related injury.

  • 2% of all children

    experienced sexual assault or sexual abuse during the past year, with the rate at nearly 11% for girls aged 14 to 17.

  • 1 in 4 children

    was the victim of robbery, vandalism or theft during the past year.

  • 1 in 5 children

    witnessed violence in their family or the neighborhood during the past year.

  • Young children exposed to 5 or more ACEs

    in the first three years of childhood face a 76% likelihood of having one or more delays in their language, emotional or brain development. As the number of traumatic events experienced during childhood increases, the risk for the following health problems in adulthood increases: depression; alcoholism; drug abuse; suicide attempts; heart and liver diseases; pregnancy problems; high stress; uncontrollable anger; and family, financial, and job problems.

Many of the kids who end up in the juvenile justice system, the vast majority of them have been exposed to high doses of [childhood trauma].

Dr. Nadine Burke Harris, Surgeon General of California

People who have experienced trauma are:

  • 15 times more likely

    to attempt suicide

  • 4 times more likely

    to become an alcoholic

  • 4 times more likely

    to develop a sexually transmitted disease

  • 4 times more likely

    to inject drugs

  • 3 times more likely

    to use antidepressant medication

  • 3 times more likely

    to be absent from work

  • 3 times more likely

    to experience depression

  • 3 times more likely

    to have serious job problems

  • 2.5 times more likely

    to smoke

  • 2 times more likely

    to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

  • 2 times more likely

    to have a serious financial problem

Information from www.recognizetrauma.org

If we could change ourselves, the tendencies in the world would also change. As a man changes his own nature, so does the attitude of the world change towards him.

Gandhi

ACEs (without intervention) predict the following adverse health outcomes:

  • 3 or more categories of ACEs:

    60% increase risk of autoimmune diseases: Lupus, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes

  • 4 or more categories of ACEs:

    2.5 times more likely to be diagnosed with cancer or lung disease
    4.5 times more likely to face depression and Alzheimer's
    7 times more likely to go to prison
    12 times more likely to attempt suicide.
    1,350% increase in becoming a victim of opiate abuse.

  • 5 or more categories of ACEs:

    8 times more likely of becoming an alcoholic
    With or without smoking, individuals with an ACE score of 5 or greater have 2.6 times the risk of developing Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) (Anda, 2008)

  • 6 or more ACEs:

    Shortens lifespan by 20 years
    Result in a 4,600% increase in becoming a victim of opiate abuse.

  • 7 or more ACEs:

    Individuals with 7 or more ACEs have 5 times the risk of reporting hallucinations (Whitfield, 2005)

From: Donna Jackson Nawazaka

Vincent Felitti says that answering the ACEs (Adverse Childhood Experiences) Questionnaire “helps to normalize the conversation about Adverse Childhood Experiences and their impact on our lives.  When we make it okay to talk about what happened, it removes the power that secrecy so often has. Just one conversation about the fact that ACEs matter in a patient's current health can have enormously beneficial output. Asking, including about subjects we have been taught as children that nice people don't discuss, Listening, and Accepting that patient for who they are, and all their human complexity, are a powerful form of Doing that confers great relief to patients.

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